This Day In History
La Marseillaise is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
British and French engineers break ground for the Suez Canal.
DC Comics publishes its second major superhero in Detective Comics #27; he is Batman, one of the most popular comic book superheroes of all time.
Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid describing the double helix structure of DNA.
The St. Lawrence Seaway, linking the North American Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, officially opens to shipping.
The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
Robert Noyce is granted a patent for an integrated circuit.
Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit.
The Human Genome Project comes to an end two and a half years earlier than expected.
Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (d. 1658)
Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)
James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (d. 1776)
Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 1937)
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
Edward R. Murrow, American journalist (d. 1965)
Ella Fitzgerald, American singer (d. 1996)
Meadowlark Lemon, American basketball player
Jerry Leiber, American composer
Al Pacino, American actor
Björn Ulvaeus, Swedish singer and songwriter (ABBA)
Peter Jurasik, American actor
Hank Azaria, American actor and voice actor
Joe Buck, American sports broadcaster
Gina Torres, American actress
Jason Lee, American actor