This Day In History
Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
The first regular newspaper in the United States, the News-Letter, is published in Boston, Massachusetts.
The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 USD to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress".
Sharpshooter Annie Oakley was hired by Nate Salsbury to be a part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West.
Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened.
The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened.
Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for the ice-trapped ship Endurance.
The first segment of the Imperial Wireless Chain providing wireless telegraphy between Leafield in Oxfordshire, England, and Cairo, Egypt, comes into operation.
Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
The Hubble Space Telescope is launched from the Space Shuttle Discovery.
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
William I of Orange (d. 1584)
Vincent de Paul, French saint (d. 1660)
John Graunt, English statistician and founder of the science of demography (d. 1674)
Edmund Cartwright, British inventor (d. 1823)
Anthony Trollope, English novelist (d. 1882)
Sir Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain (d. 1970)
Elizabeth Goudge, English writer (d. 1984)
Willem de Kooning, Dutch painter (d. 1997)
Robert Penn Warren, American poet (d. 1989)
William Castle, American film director and producer (d. 1977)
Justin Wilson, American Cajun chef and humorist (d. 2001)
Doris Burn, American children's books author and illustrator (d. 2011)
Richard Donner, American film director and producer
Sue Grafton, American author
John Williams*, Australian guitarist
Melinda Clarke, American actress
* - Not that one.