This Day In History
Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.
Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.
The Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country's temporary capital.
In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore, Maryland. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes the United States' national anthem.
Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives a 3-foot-plus iron rod being driven through his head; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions.
Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
Margaret Chase Smith is elected senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit, the RAMAC 305.
Ulysses probe passes the Sun's south pole.
Francesco Manelli, Italian composer, particularly of opera; and theorbo player (d. 1667)
Jan Brueghel the Younger, Flemish Baroque painter (d. 1678)
Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine (d. 1868)
Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (d. 1896)
Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902)
Milton S. Hershey, American confectioner (d. 1945)
Stanley Lord, captain of SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)
Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
Roald Dahl, British writer (d. 1990)
Mel Tormé, American singer (d. 1999)
Don Bluth, American animator
Jacqueline Bisset, British actress
Peter Cetera, American musician
Frank Marshall, American film producer and director
Joe Don Rooney, American musician (Rascal Flatts)