This Day In History
En no Ozuno, a Japanese mystic and apothecary who will later be regarded as the founder of a folk religion Shugendō, is banished to Izu Ōshima.
The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
Henri Moissan isolated elemental Fluorine for the first time.
The Science Museum in London comes into existence as an independent entity.
The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island.
Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
The Western allies begin an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockades West Berlin.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America's Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
A Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution protects an individual right, and that the District of Columbia handgun ban is unconstitutional.
Antonio Bernacchi, Italian castrato, composer, and teacher of singing (d. 1756)
Charles Messier, French astronomer (d. 1817)
Abner Doubleday, American Major General (d. 1893)
Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
Peter Lorre, Hungarian actor (d. 1964)
Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)
Maurice Wilkes, British computer scientist (d. 2010)
Charlotte Zolotow, American author of children's books
Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
Patty Smyth, American singer
Gretchen Wilson, American country music singer and songwriter
Michael Vick, American football player