This Day In History
Patrick Henry delivers his speech – "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" – at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.
After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, is launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace initiative.
NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
The Russian Mir space station is deorbited, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
William "Captain" Kidd, Scottish sailor (d. 1701)
William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
Juan Gris, Spanish Cubist painter (d. 1927)
H. Beam Piper, American science fiction author (d. 1964)
Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (d. 1998)
Wernher von Braun, German-born physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
Sir Roger Bannister, English runner
Ric Ocasek, American musician (The Cars)
Ron Jaworski, American football player and analyst
Moses Malone, American basketball player