This Day In History
England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
1985 – Artificial heart recipient William J. Schroeder becomes the first such patient to leave hospital.
The Soviet Union launches its Mir spacecraft. Remaining in orbit for 15 years, it is occupied for 10 of those years.
NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
Nicolaus Copernicus, mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)
Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (d. 1805)
Émilie Gamelin, French Canadian Roman Catholic Religious Sister, founder of the Sisters of Providence (d. 1851)
Merle Oberon, British actress (d. 1979)
Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (d. 1997)
Smokey Robinson, American singer
Dave Wakeling, English musician (The (English) Beat, General Public)